G. Edward Griffin | The Creature From Jekyll Island | Chapter summary

The Journey to Jekyll Island

This is the first installment in a series of chapter summaries from G. Edward Griffin’s must-read book The Creature From Jekyll Island.  This book may be the most important “red pill” available and we highly recommend that you buy and read the full book at RealityZone.G. Edward Griffin

Activist PostChapter 1 Summary: The Journey to Jekyll Island

The basic plan for the Federal Reserve System was drafted at a secret meeting held in November of 1910 at the private resort of J.P. Morgan on Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia.  Those who attended represented the great financial institutions of Wall Street and, indirectly, Europe as well. The reason for the secrecy was simple.  Had it been known that rival factions of the banking community had joined together, the public would have been alerted to the possibility that the bankers were plotting an agreement in restraint of trade — which, of course, is exactly what they were doing.  What emerged was a cartel agreement with five objectives: stop the growing competition from the nation’s newer banks; obtain a franchise to create money out of nothing for the purpose of lending; get control of the reserves of all banks so that the more reckless ones would not be exposed to currency drains and bank runs; get the taxpayer to pick up the cartel’s inevitable losses; and convince Congress that the purpose was to protect the public.  It was realized that the bankers would have to become partners with the politicians and that the structure of the cartel would have to be a central bank.  The record shows that the Fed has failed to achieve its stated objectives.  That is because those were never its true goals.  As a banking cartel, and in terms of the five objectives stated above, it has been an unqualified success.


G. Edward Griffin: The Name of the Game is Bailout

This is the second installment in a series of chapter summaries from G. Edward Griffin’s must-read book The Creature From Jekyll Island.  This book may be the most important “red pill” available and we highly recommend that you buy and read the full book at RealityZone.G. Edward Griffin

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Activist PostChapter 2 Summary: The Name of the Game is Bailout

Although national monetary events may appear mysterious and chaotic, they are governed by well-established rules which bankers and politicians rigidly follow.  The central fact to understanding these events is that all the money in the banking system has been created out of nothing through the process of making loans.  A defaulted loan, therefore, costs the bank little of tangible value, but it shows up on the ledger as a reduction in assets without a corresponding reduction in liabilities.  If the bad loans exceed the size of the assets, the bank becomes technically insolvent and must close its doors.  The first rule of survival, therefore, is to avoid writing off large, bad loans and, if possible, to at least continue receiving interest payments on them.  To accomplish that, the endangered loans are rolled over and increased in size.  This provides the borrower with money to continue paying interest plus fresh funds for new spending.  The basic problem is not solved, but is postponed for a while and made worse.

The final solution on behalf of the banking cartel is to have the federal government guarantee payment of the loan should the borrower default in the future.  This is accomplished by convincing Congress that not to do so would result in great damage to the economy and hardship for the people. From that point forward, the burden of the loan is removed from the banker’s ledger and transferred to the taxpayer.  Should this effort fail and the bank be forced into insolvency the last resort is to use the FDIC to pay off the depositors.  The FDIC is not insurance, because the presence of “moral hazard” makes the thing it supposedly protects against more likely to happen.  A portion of the FDIC funds is derived from assessments against the banks.  Ultimately, however, they are paid by depositors themselves.  When these funds run out, the balance is provided by the Federal Reserve System in the form of freshly created new money.  This floods through the economy causing the appearance of rising prices but which, in reality, is the lowering of value of the dollar.  The final cost of the bailout, therefore, is passed to the public in the form of a hidden tax called inflation.So much for the rules of the game.  In the next chapter we shall look at the scorecard of the actual play itself.

Bonus quote on the hidden tax of inflation:

“The American people have no idea they are paying the bill.  They know that someone is stealing their hubcaps, but they think it is the greedy businessman who raises prices or the selfish laborer who demands higher wages or the unworthy farmer who demands too much for his crop or the wealthy foreigner who bids up our prices.  They do not realize that these groups also are victimized by a monetary system which is constantly being eroded in value by and through the Federal Reserve System.” — G. Edward Griffin, The Creature From Jekyll Island, pg. 33.

Chapter 3 Summary: Protectors of the PublicThe game called bailout is not a whimsical figment of the imagination, it is real. Here are some of the big games of the past and their final scores.

In 1970, Penn Central railroad became bankrupt. The banks which lent the money had taken over its board of directors and had driven it further into the hole, all extending bigger and bigger loans to cover the losses. Directors concealed reality from stockholders and made additional loans so the company could pay dividends to keep up the false front. During this time, the directors and their banks unloaded their stock at unrealistically high prices.  When the truth became public, the stockholders were left holding the empty bag. The bailout, which was engineered by the Federal Reserve, involved government subsidies to other banks to grant additional loans. Then Congress was told that the collapse of Penn Central would be devastating to public interest. Congress responded by granting $125 million in loan guarantees so that banks would not be at risk.  The railroad eventually failed anyway, but the bank loans were covered. Penn Central was nationalized into AMTRAK and continues to operate at a loss.

In 1970, as Lockheed faced bankruptcy, Congress heard essentially the same story. Thousands would be unemployed, subcontractors would go out of business, and the public would suffer greatly. So Congress agreed to guarantee $250 million in new loans, which put Lockheed 60% deeper into debt than before.  Now that government was guaranteeing the loans, it had to make sure Lockheed became profitable.  This was accomplished by granting lucrative defense contracts at non-competitive bids.  The banks were paid back.

In 1975, New York City had reached the end of its credit rope. It had borrowed heavily to maintain an extravagant bureaucracy and a miniature welfare state. Congress was told that the public would be jeopardized if city services were curtailed and that America would be disgraced in the eyes of the world. So Congress authorized additional direct loans up to $2.3 billion, which more than doubled the size of the current debt. The banks continued to receive their interest.

In 1978, Chrysler was on the verge of bankruptcy. Congress was informed that the public would suffer greatly if the company folded, and that it would be a blow to the American way if freedom-of-choice were reduced from three to two makes of automobiles. So Congress guaranteed up to $1.5 billion in new loans.  The banks reduced part of their loans and exchanged another portion for preferred stock. News of the deal pushed up the market value of that stock and largely offset the loan write-off.  The banks’ previously uncollectable debt was converted into a government-backed, interest-bearing asset.

In 1972, the Commonwealth Bank of Detroit — with $1.5 billion in assets, became insolvent.  It had borrowed heavily from the Chase Manhattan Bank in New York to invest in high-risk and potentially high-profit ventures.  Now that it was in trouble, so was Chase. The bankers went to Washington and told the FDIC the public must be protected from the great financial hardship that would follow if Commonwealth were allowed to close.  So the FDIC pumped in a $60 million loan plus federal guarantees of repayment.  Commonwealth was sold to an Arab consortium.  Chase took a minor write down but converted most of its potential loss into government-backed assets.

In 1979, the First Pennsylvania Bank of Philadelphia became insolvent. With assets in excess of $9 billion, it was six-times the size of Commonwealth. It, too, had been an aggressive player in the70s. Now the bankers and the Federal Reserve told the FDIC that the public must be protected from the calamity of a bank failure of this size, that the national economy was at stake, perhaps even the entire world.  So the FDIC gave a $325 million loan — interest-free for the first year, and at half the market rate thereafter.  The Federal Reserve offered money to other banks at a subsidized rate for the specific purpose of relending to First Penn. With that enticement, they advanced $175 million in immediate loans plus a $1 billion line of credit.

In 1982, Chicago’s Continental Illinois became insolvent.  It was the nation’s seventh largest bank with $42 billion in assets.  The previous year, its profits had soared as a result of loans to high-risk business ventures and foreign governments.  Although it had been the darling of market analysts, it quickly unraveled when its cash flow turned negative, and overseas banks began to withdraw deposits.  It was the world’s first electronic bank run.  Federal Reserve Chairman Volcker told the FDIC that it would be unthinkable to allow the world economy to be ruined by a bank failure of this magnitude.  So, the FDIC assumed $4.5 billion in bad loans and, in return for the bailout, took 80% ownership of the bank in the form of stock.  In effect, the bank was nationalized, but no one called it that. The United States government was now in the banking business.

All of the bail outs of previous years pale by comparison to the trillions of dollars pumped into the banks beginning in 2008 in response to the subprime meltdown.  This huge amount of money will not come from the government or The Federal Reserve.  It will come from the American consumers in the form of higher prices.

All of the money to accomplish these bailouts was made possible by the Federal Reserve System acting as the “lender of last resort.”  That was one of the purposes for which it had been created. We must not forget that the phrase “lender of last resort” means that money is created out of nothing, resulting in confiscation of our nation’s wealth through the hidden tax called inflation.

Chapter 4 Summary: Home, Sweet LoanOur present-day problems within the savings-and-loan industry can be tracked back to the Great Depression of the 1930s. Americans were becoming impressed by the theories of socialism and soon embraced the concept that it was proper for government to provide benefits for its citizens and to protect them against economic hardship.

Under the Hoover and Roosevelt administrations, new government agencies were established which purported to protect deposits in S&Ls and to subsidize home mortgages for the middle class. These measures distorted the laws of supply and demand and, from that point forward, the housing industry was moved out of the free market and into the political arena.

Once the pattern of government intervention had been established, there began a long, unbroken series of federal rules and regulations that were the source of windfall profits for managers, appraisers, brokers, developers, and builders. They also weakened the industry by encouraging unsound business practices and high-risk investments.

When these ventures failed, and when the value of real estate began to drop, many S&Ls become insolvent.  The federal insurance fund was soon depleted, and the government was confronted with its own promise to bail out these companies but not having any money to do so.

The response of the regulators was to create accounting gimmicks whereby insolvent thrifts could be made to appear solvent and, thus, continue in business.  This postponed the inevitable and made matters considerably worse.  The failed S&Ls continued to lose billions of dollars each month and added greatly to the ultimate cost of the bailout, all of which would eventually have to be paid by the common man out of taxes and inflation.  The ultimate cost is estimated at over one trillion dollars.

Congress appears to be unable to act and is strangely silent.  This is understandable.  Many representatives and senators are the beneficiaries of generous donations from the S&Ls.  But perhaps the main reason is that Congress, itself, is the main culprit in this crime. In either case, the politicians would like to talk about something else.

In the larger view, the S&L industry is a cartel within a cartel.  The fiasco could never have happened without the cartel called the Federal Reserve System standing by to create vast amounts of bailout money pledged by Congress.

Chapter 5 Summary: Nearer to the Heart’s DesireThe IMF and the World Bank were created at a meeting of global financiers and politicians held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1944.  Their announced goals were to facilitate international trade and to stabilize the exchange rates of national currencies.  The unannounced goals were quite different.  They were the elimination of the gold-exchange standard as the basis of currency valuation and the establishment of world socialism.

The method by which gold was to be eliminated in international trade was to replace it with a world currency which the IMF, acting as the world central bank, would create out of nothing. The method by which world socialism was to be established was to use the World Bank to transfer money–disguised as loans–to the governments of the underdeveloped countries and to do so in such a way to insure the demise of free enterprise.  The money was to be delivered from the hands of politicians and bureaucrats into the hands of other politicians and bureaucrats. When money comes from government, goes to government, and is administered by government, the result will be the expansion of government.

The theoreticians who dominated the conference at Bretton Woods were the well-known Fabian Socialist from England, John Maynard Keynes, and the Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, Harry Dexter White.  White became the first Executive Director for the United States at the IMF.The Fabians are an elite group of intellectuals who agree with Communists as to the goal of socialism but disagreed over tactics. Whereas Communists advocate revolution by force and violence, Fabians advocate gradualism and the transformation of society through legislation.

It was learned in later years that Harry Dexter White was a member of a Communist espionage ring. Thus, hidden from view, there was a complex drama taking place in which the two intellectual founders of the Bretton-Woods accords were a Fabian Socialist and a Communist, working together to bring about their mutual goal: world socialism.

Capital for the IMF and the World Bank comes from the industrialized nations, with the United States putting up the most. Currencies, such as the dollar, yen, mark, and franc, are augmented by many times that amount in the form of “credits.” These are merely promises by the member governments to get the money from their taxpayers if the Bank gets into trouble with its loans.

The IMF gradually is evolving into a central bank for the world with the World Bank as its lending arm.  It has become the engine for transfer of wealth to underdeveloped countries. This has lowered the economic level of the donating countries but it has not raised the level of the recipients.  The money has simply disappeared down the drain of political corruption and waste.

Source: Freedom Force
This is the stained-glass window in the Beatrice Webb House in Surrey, England, former headquarters of the Fabian Society.  It depicts Sidney Webb and George Bernard Shaw striking the Earth with hammers to “Remould it nearer to the heart’s desire.” Note the wolf in sheep’s clothing in the Fabian crest above the globe.  The window is now on display at the London School of Economics. 

Chapter 6 Summary: Building the New World OrderThe international version of the game called Bailout is similar to the domestic version in that the overall objective is to have the taxpayers cover the defaulted loans so that interest payments can continue going to the banks.  The differences are: (1) instead of justifying this as protecting the American public, the pretense is that it is to save the world from poverty; and (2) the main money pipeline goes from the Federal Reserve through the IMF/World Bank.  Otherwise, the rules are basically the same.

There is another dimension to the game, however, that involves more than mere profits and scam. It is the conscious and deliberate evolution of the IMF/World Bank into a world central bank with the power to issue a world fiat currency.  And that is an important step in an even larger plan to build a true world government within the framework of the United Nations.

Economically strong nations are not candidates for the surrendering their sovereignty to a world government. Therefore, through “loans” that will never be paid back, the IMF/World Bank directs massive transfer of wealth from the industrialized nations to the less developed nations.  This ongoing process eventually drains their economies to a point where they also will be in need of assistance.  No longer capable of independent action, they will accept a loss of sovereignty in return for international aid.

The less developed countries, on the other hand, are being brought into the New World Order along an entirely different route.  Many of these countries are ruled by petty tyrants who care little for their people except how to extract more taxes from them without causing revolt.  Loans from the IMF/World Bank are used primarily to perpetuate themselves and their ruling parties in power–and that is exactly what the IMF/World Bank intends.  Rhetoric about helping the poor notwithstanding, the true goal of the transfer of wealth disguised as loans is to get control over the leaders of the less developed nations.  After these despots get used to the taste of such an unlimited supply of sweet cash, they will never be able to break the habit.  They will be content — already are content — to become little gold-plated cogs in the giant machinery of world government.  Ideology means nothing to them: capitalist, communist, socialist, fascist, what does it matter so long as the money keeps coming.  The IMF/World Bank literally is buying these countries and using our money to do it.

The recent inclusion of Red China and the former Soviet bloc on the list of IMF/World Bank recipient countries signals the final phase of the game.  Now that Latin America and Africa have been “purchased” into the New World Order, this is the final frontier.  In a relatively short time span, China, Russia, and the Eastern European countries have now become the biggest borrowers and, already, they are in arrears on their payments.  This is where the action will lie in the months ahead.

Chapter 7 Summary: The Barbaric MetalKnowledge of the nature of money is essential to an understanding of the Federal Reserve.  Contrary to common belief, the topic is neither mysterious nor complicated.  For the purposes of this study, money is defined as anything which is accepted as a medium of exchange.  Building on that, we find there are four kinds of money: commodity, receipt, fiat and fractional.  Precious metals were the first commodity money to appear in history and ever since have been proven by actual experience to be the only reliable base for an honest monetary system.  Gold, as the basis of money, can take several forms: bullion, coins, and fully backed paper receipts.  Man has been plagued throughout history with the false theory that the quantity of money is important, specifically that more money is better than less.  This has led to perpetual manipulation and expansion of money supply through such practices as coin clipping, debasement of the coin content, and, in later centuries, the issuance of more paper receipts than there was gold to back them.  In every case, these practices have led to economic and political disaster.  In those rare instances where man has refrained from manipulating the money supply and has allowed it to be determined by free-market production of the gold supply, the result has been prosperity and tranquility.

Chapter 8 Summary: Fool’s GoldFiat money is paper money without precious-metal backing which people are required by law to accept.  The first recorded appearance of fiat money was in thirteenth century China, but its use on a major scale did not start until colonial America. The experience was disastrous, leading to massive inflation, unemployment, loss of property, and political unrest. During one period when the Bank of England forced the colonies to abandon their fiat money, general prosperity quickly returned.  The Revolutionary War brought fiat money back to the colonies with a vengeance.  The economic chaos that resulted led the colonial governments to impose price controls and harsh legal tender laws, neither of which was effective.

Fractional money is defined as paper money with precious-metal backing for part, not all, of its stated value.  It was introduced in Europe when goldsmiths began to issue receipts for gold which they did not have, thus only a fraction of their receipts was redeemable.  Fractional money always degenerates into pure fiat money.

Chapter 9 Summary: The Secret ScienceThe business of banking began in Europe in the fourteenth century.  Its function was to evaluate, exchange, and safeguard people’s coins.  In the beginning, there were notable examples of totally honest banks which operated with remarkable efficiency considering the vast variety of coinage they handled. They also issued paper receipts which were so dependable they freely circulated as money and cheated no one in the process. But there was a great demand for more money and more loans, and the temptation soon caused the bankers to seek easier paths.  They began lending out pieces of paper that said they were receipts, but which in fact were counterfeit.  The public could not tell one from the other and accepted both of them as money. From that point forward, the receipts in circulation exceeded the gold held in reserve, and the age of fractional-reserve banking had dawned. This led immediately to what would become an almost unbroken record then to present: a record of inflation, booms and busts, suspension of payments, bank failures, repudiation of currencies, and recurring spasms of economic chaos.

The Bank of England was formed in 1694 to institutionalize fractional-reserve banking.  As the world’s first central bank, it introduced the concept of a partnership between bankers and politicians.  The politicians would receive spendable money (created out of nothing by the bankers) without having to raise taxes.  in return, the bankers would receive a commission on the transaction–deceptively called interest–which would continue in perpetuity.  Since it all seemed to be wrapped up in the mysterious rituals of banking, which the common man was not expected to understand, there was practically no opposition to the scheme.  The arrangement proved so profitable to the participants that it soon spread to other countries in Europe and, eventually, the United States.
Chapter 10 Summary: The Mandrake MechanismThe American dollar has no intrinsic value.  It is a classic example of fiat money with no limit to the quantity that can be produced.  Its primary value lies in the willingness of people to accept it and, to that end, legal tender laws require them to do so.  It is true that our money is created out of nothing, but it is more accurate to say that it is based upon debt.  In one sense, therefore, our money is created out of less than nothing.  The entire money supply would vanish into bank vaults and computer chips if all debts are repaid.  Under the present System, therefore, our leaders cannot allow a serious reduction in either the national or consumer debt.  Charging interest on pretended loans is usury, and that has become institutionalized under the Federal Reserve System.  The Mandrake Mechanism by which the Fed converts debt into money may seem complicated at first, but it is simple if one remembers that the process is not intended to be logical but to confuse and deceive.  The end product of the Mechanism is artificial expansion of the money supply, which is the root cause of the hidden tax called inflation.  The expansion then leads to contraction and, together, they produce the destructive boom-bust cycle that has plagued mankind throughout history wherever fiat money has existed.

Addendum: Debt-Cancellation Programs

Because banks lend money that does not exist prior to the transaction, many debtors have concluded they are not obligated to repay. This is a compelling concept in view of the fact that bank and credit-card loan contracts typically lead customers to think they are borrowing someone else’s money, which is why they are willing to pay interest. When challenged in court, these contracts often are judged to be fraudulent, and there now are companies offering “debt-cancellation” services to challenge these contracts with the end in mind that debts will be canceled.  A discussion of the pros and cons of these programs is beyond the scope of this work, but interested parties are invited to read or view a video of the author’s analysis at the following website:  Freedom-Force.org

Chapter 11 Summary: The Rothschild FormulaBy the end of the eighteenth century, the House of Rothschild had become one of the most successful financial institutions the world has ever known.  Its meteoric rise can be attributed to the great industry and shrewdness of the five brothers who established themselves in various capitals of Europe and forged the world’s first international financial network.  As pioneers in the practice of lending money to governments, they soon learned that this provided unique opportunities to parlay wealth into political power as well.  Before long, most of the princes and kings of Europe had come within their influence.

The Rothschilds also had mastered the art of smuggling on a grand scale, often with the tacit approval of the governments whose laws they violated.  This was perceived by all parties as an unofficial bonus for providing needed funding to those same governments, particular in time of war.  The fact that different branches of the Rothschild network also might be providing funds for the enemy was pragmatically ignored.  Thus, a time-honored practice among financiers was born: profiting from both sides.

The Rothschilds operated a highly efficient intelligence gathering system which provided them with advanced knowledge of important events, knowledge which was invaluable for investment decisions. When an exhausted Rothschild courier delivered the first news of the Battle of Waterloo, Nathan was able to deceive the London bond traders into a selling panic, and that allowed him to acquire the dominant holding of England’s entire debt at but a tiny fraction of its worth.

A study of these and similar events reveals a personality profile, not just of the Rothschilds, but of a special breed of international financiers whose success typically is built upon certain character traits. Those include a cold objectivity, immunity to patriotism, and indifference to the human condition.  That profile is the basis for proposing a theoretical strategy, called the Rothschild Formula, which motivates such men to propel governments into war for profits they yield.  This formula most likely has never been consciously phrased as it appears here, but subconscious motivations and personality traits work together to implement it nevertheless. As long as the mechanism of central banking exists, it will be to such men of irresistible temptation to convert debt into perpetual war and war into perpetual debt.

In the following chapters we shall track the distinctive footprint of the Rothschild Formula as it leads up to our own doorstep in the present day


Chapter 12 Summary: Sink the Lusitania!
To finance the early stages of World War I, England and France had borrowed heavily from investors in America and had selected the House of Morgan as sales agent for their bonds.  Morgan also acted as their purchasing agent for war materials, thus profiting from both ends of the cash flow: once when the money was borrowed and again when it was spent.  Further profits were derived from production contracts placed with companies within the Morgan orbit.  But the war began to go badly for the Allies when Germany’s submarines took virtual control of the Atlantic shipping lanes.  As England and France moved closer to defeat or a negotiated peace on Germany’s terms, it became increasingly difficult to sell their bonds.  No bonds meant no purchases, and the Morgan cash flow was threatened.  Furthermore, if the previously sold bonds should go into default, as they certainly would in the wake of defeat, the Morgan consortium would suffer gigantic losses.

The only way to save the British Empire, to restore the value of the bonds, and to sustain the Morgan cash flow was for the United States government to provide the money.  But, since neutral nations were prohibited from doing that by treaty, America would have to be brought into the war.  A secret agreement to that effect was made between British officials and Colonel House, with the concurrence of the President.  From that point forward, Wilson began to pressure Congress for a declaration of war.  This was done at the very time he was campaigning for reelection on the slogan “He kept us out of the war.” Meanwhile, Morgan purchased control over major segments of the news media and engineered a nation-wide editorial blitz against Germany, calling for war as an act of American patriotism.

Morgan had created an international shipping cartel, including Germany’s merchant fleet, which maintained a near monopoly on the high seas.  Only the British Cunard Lines remained aloof.  The Lusitania was owned by Cunard and operated in competition with the Morgan’s cartel.  The Lusitania was built to military specifications and was registered with the British Admiralty as an armed auxiliary cruiser.  She carried passengers as a cover to conceal her real mission, which was to bring contraband war materials from the United States.  This fact was known to Wilson and others in his administration, but they did nothing to stop it. When the German embassy tried to publish a warning to American passengers, the State Department intervened and prevented newspapers from printing it.  when the Lusitania left New York harbor on her final voyage, she was virtually a floating ammunition depot.

The British knew that to draw the United States into the war would mean the difference between defeat and victory, andanything that could accomplish that was proper– even the coldly calculated sacrifice of one of her great ships with Englishmen aboard.  But the trick was to have Americans on board also in order to create the proper emotional climate in the United States.  As the Lusitania moved into hostile waters, where a German U-boat was known to be operating, First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, ordered her destroyer protection to abandon her.  This, plus the fact that she had been ordered to travel at reduced speed, made her an easy target.  After the impact of one well placed torpedo, a mighty second explosion from withinripped her apart, and the ship that many believed could not be sunk, gurgled to the bottom of the sea in less than eighteen minutes.

The deed had been done, and it set in motion great waves of revulsion against the Germans.  These waves eventually flooded through Washington and swept the United States into war  Within days of the declaration, Congress voted $1 billion in credit for England and France.  $200 million was sent to England immediately and was applied to the Morgan account.  The vast quantity of money needed to finance the war was created by the Federal Reserve System, which means it was collected from Americans through that hidden tax called inflation.  Within ust five years, this tax has taken fully one-half of all they saved.  The infinitely higher cost in American blood was added to the bill.

Thus it was that the separate motives of such diverse personalities as Winston Churchill, J.P. Morgan, Colonel House, and Woodrow Wilson all found common cause in bringing America into World War I.  Churchill maneuvered for military advantage, Morgan sought the profits of war, House schemed for political power, and Wilson dreamed of a chance to dominate a post-war League of Nations.

More to come….
Get the book for yourself or for others you want to wake up.  It reads like a mystery novel and is filled with colorful metaphors that make the seemingly complex world of banking very easy to comprehend. Visit RealityZone for your copy today. Summary is re-printed with permission from G. Edward Griffin.